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Battle of the boar | Chennai Information – Instances of India

Within the villages of Theni, boars are working wild. And farmers are working scared. “They raid farms and slice via drip irrigation pipes with their tusks to drink water. In the summertime, when water is scarce, it’s a nightmare,” says farmer M Seeniraj from Kunnur village in Theni’s Andipatti block. Kandamanur and Andipatti are a few of the worst affected areas in Theni.
Within the final couple of many years, the Indian Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus), in any other case often known as Andamanese Pig, has become a dreaded menace. The boars stray from forests into the plains close to agriculture lands at night time, the thick evergreen foliage camouflaging them as they raid the fields.
M Mahalakshmi, a farmer from Chinnathadagam in Coimbatore, says wild boars uproot banana vegetation quickly after cultivation. “We lose some huge cash due to it. When the crop grows we even have elephants raiding fields, which is a double blow. Wild boars are additionally a menace to street customers. There have been situations of boars working onto roads inflicting accidents. One resulted within the dying of a two-wheeler commuter,” she says.
R Ramkumar from Manthithoppu in Kovilpatti, who cultivated maize and mulberry on his five-acre farm, says his crop is destroyed. “I’ve had no alternative however to raze the plantation to transform it into cattle feed. ”
Final month, farmers from Kovilpatti hit the roads in a protest demanding that the state authorities allow them to cull wild boars. MDMK chief secretary Durai Vaiko, who had not too long ago met state forest minister M Mathivendhan in regards to the culling, was on the forefront of the assembly. “Farming inTamil Nadu is underneath huge stress and wild boars simply make it worse.
The animal needs to be faraway from Schedule III of the Wild Life Safety Act and categorised as a vermin in Schedule V. It is going to permit farmers to cull the animal,” he says.
After a courtroom case, the Tamil Nadu forest division got here out with a culling order in 2017, which was in impact until 2021. However the order was ineffective, says a senior forest officer searching for anonymity. “The process was too sophisticated. The animal needed to be recognized, licensed, and solely then killed. That’s nearly not possible to do. ”
Farmers say they perceive culling can destroy the ecological steadiness. “Some farmers hunt them down illegally, poison, bomb and electrocute them mercilessly. I discovered 100 useless boars inside a water physique a number of years in the past. That isn’t the way in which to do it,” says farmers’ chief M Ramalingam from Sivarakottai in Madurai.
Within the farmers’ grievance redressal conferences, some advised reintroducing predators within the forests, whichforest officers imagine will not be the reply. “Tigers want deer to boars and dholes and foxes aren’t any match for boars. Solely a leopard can deal with a boar however you possibly can’t anticipate the forest division to introduce leopards right into a locality,” says a forest official.
In 2019, scientists from Tamil Nadu Agricultural College Krishi Vigyan Kendra in Vellore developed a bio-repellent to maintain boars out of fields. With demand for the repellent rising amongst farmers, TNAU is now patenting the formulation and manufacturing it on an industrial scale.
“Farmers from Puducherry, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh are utilizing the repellent,” says A Thirumuruagam, program coordinator of KVK and Agriculture Analysis Station, Virinjipuram. Round 500ml of repellent is required for each acre.
Perforated containers with repellent are hung across the farm at a top of 1. 5 toes. The liquid can hold boars away for 50 days.
A workforce led by Ok Baranidharan from the agroforestry division of Forest Faculty and Analysis Institute in Mettupalayam, Coimbatore, is working with tribals to develop a boar bio-repellent, which he says needs to be prepared in three months.
At a latest farmers’ grievance assembly in Madurai, Pon Manikandan, a farmer from Usilampatti, mentioned boars had been avoiding his farm after he used the repellent. However the query, he mentioned, stays. “What’s the long-term resolution?”

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